Indexing (Benchmarks) industry is observing some rapid changes with ownership of few of the most eminent Index companies changing hands

After Bloomberg Indexes’ acquisition of USB Australia Bond indices this year in April 2014, now its time for Reuters’ to acquire widely used Benchmark- UBS Convertible Indices in July 2014. The UBS Convertible Indices will be re-branded as the Thomson Reuters Convertible Indices.


This is very much inline with the news of Global M&A being @ 7 year high with the re-surge in Corporate Deals. Passive products (like Indices) acquisitions is picking-up the trend in investor interest this year rather individual stocks.

Indexing industry is observing some rapid changes with ownership of few of the most eminent Index companies changing hands. Recently The London Stock Exchange Group last week agreed to buy Russell Investments for $2.7 billion in cash from Northwestern Mutual, the US insurer. Barclays PLC is also expected to solicite offers for its index assets worth ~ $400 Mn this year. Nasdaq and S&P Dow Jones Indices are apparently eyeing acquisitions to bolster their index businesses. MSCI & other companies surely wouldn’t want to be the laggards & are expected to explore index acquisitions.


UBS draws on its 150-year heritage to serve private, institutional and corporate clients worldwide, as well as retail clients in Switzerland. Its business strategy is centered on its pre-eminent global wealth management businesses and its leading universal bank in Switzerland. Together with a client-focused Investment Bank and a strong, well-diversified Global Asset Management business, UBS will expand its premier wealth management franchise and drive further growth across the Group.


Thomson Reuters is the world’s leading source of intelligent information for businesses and professionals. Thomson Reuters is a trusted, global provider of indices and index services, calculating over 10,000 different equity, fixed income and commodity indices. Thomson Reuters provides innovative indices and index-related services to the global financial community to help investors make better decisions.


EI/EQ … all roads leads to the human brain….

With the changing modern world, psycho-social aspects are also changing their definitions & terms. There are a number of characteristics & human personality traits which help in forming up a successful human entity. To a large extent, ‘Emotional Intelligence (EI)’ plays an important role in our life. It is one’s ability to respond intellectually in varied emotional states. This trait signifies the level of emotions one can handle like happiness & sorrow, pleasant & laziness, etc.

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Though various theories are still in the evolving stage, scholarly literature in psychology has always supported EI with a lot of findings & researches. To bring forward my own example, this particular characteristic has moved my perspective towards life very dramatically. With the association of EI at the back of my mind, I gradually learnt ‘Theory of Relativity‘, due to which, it became very easy to find out respective connection while learning new things. When it comes to career life, one needs to be empathetic (an integral concern inn EI). Untill & unless a person understand other people in the surrounding, it is difficult to tackle with people in surrounding, be it colleagues, customers, subordinates or seniors.

Human being is a social animal, who prefers to stay with his family since his inception till he embraces the death bed. Hence, his understanding about own self & family members is essential. It is not very surprising that family members who has strong bonding, complementary harmony tends to live happier than others. This is how EI comprises of numerous traits like empathy, sympathy, intelligence, harmony put together. Nothing can stop a person from being successful if his EI is intact !


Corporate fraud incidents on the rise in India, says KPMG

Managing the risk of fraud is essentially no different to managing any other type of business risk !!

Almost 75 per cent of corporate India surveyed felt the overall incidence of fraud was rising, according to ‘India Fraud Survey Report 2010’ by KPMG.

The report also pointed out that e-commerce and computer-related frauds would be major concerns to companies in the coming years. The survey was conducted across 1,000 firms, both Indian business establishments and public institutions, with an annual turnover of Rs 500 crore to over Rs 10,000 crore.

Weak internal control systems, eroding ethical values and a reluctance on the part of the line managers to take decisive action against the perpetrators, are cited as the main reasons for fraud being on the rise.

* 63% say the desire to exceed market expectations is the main reason to commit financial fraud
* 81% say financial statement fraud is a major issue
* 41% say they do not have a formal fraud risk management framework
* e-commerce & computer-related fraud to be a source of major concern in the coming years
* 75% all fraudulent activities, except Intellectual Property (IP) fraud were perpetrated by employees

Among the types of fraud, the survey noted that 81 per cent viewed financial statement fraud as a major issue. Ineffective whistle-blowing systems, inadequate oversight of senior management activities by the audit committee and weak regulatory oversight mechanisms are the reasons for the growing worries, as well as the increase in the number of frauds.

Respondents, particularly from the financial services and consumer market industries, feel there is a higher level of fraudulent activities within their industry. The survey also indicated “procurement” and “sales and distribution” to be the most vulnerable areas across industries susceptible to fraud risk.

Close to 63 per cent of the surveyed firms said the desire to meet or exceed market expectations was the most significant reason to commit financial statement fraud. “The need of the hour is for organisations to realise the importance of putting effective internal control mechanisms in place, so as to manage risks. Accountability is no longer restricted to a company as a whole, but also streams down to each and every individual. It has become imperative for companies to be vigilant and aware, and not just act when fraudulent situations arise,” said Deepankar Sanwalka, head – forensic, KPMG in India.

India Inc also realises the value of these frauds. The survey indicated that the quantum of frauds increased manifold over KPMG’s 2008 fraud survey. About 87 per cent respondents said their organisation incurred fraud losses of more than Rs 10 lakh as against 47 per cent in the last survey.

Rohit Mahajan, executive director – forensic, KPMG in India, said, “Being a fast paced economy such as ours, fraud management is an extremely vital issue confronting us today. Managing the risk of fraud is essentially no different to managing any other type of business risk. All that it requires is resilience to combat that fraud.”

However, the positive finding of the report was that there is a greater realisation to avoid fraud. Compared to the 2008 fraud survey, in which only 27 per cent of the respondent organisations had adopted proactive data analytics for analysing e-data, this year’s survey indicated that: while over 42 per cent have implemented proactive data analytics in various streams in the organisation, over 22 per cent have partially implemented it.

Courtesy: Business Standard.

* 63% say the desire to exceed market expectations is the main reason to commit financial fraud
* 81% say financial statement fraud is a major issue
* 41% say they do not have a formal fraud risk management framework
* e-commerce & computer-related fraud to be a source of major concern in the coming years
* 75% all fraudulent activities, except Intellectual Property (IP) fraud were perpetrated by employees

Stock/Equity Fraud Information

Stock fraud occurs when a broker manipulates customers into trading stocks without regard for the customer’s interests. Stock fraud can be orchestrated at the company level, or can be committed by a single employee; stock fraud can also range in size financially from multi-million dollar deals to penny stocks, but stock fraud consistently involves intentional disregard for the financial situation of customers and obsession with personal gain.

Stock fraud is comprised of a few basic categories, with enormous variations on each. Some examples of broker-related stock fraud:

  • Misrepresentation/Omission: this form of stock fraud occurs when the broker intentionally misleads the customer about material facts regarding the stock. Stock fraud involving misrepresentation or omission often disguises risk factors associated with that particular stock.
  • Unsuitability: stock frauds involving unsuitability occur when the broker recommends stocks that are outside the client’s risk tolerance. Stock frauds committed through unsuitable matches allow the broker to push undesirable stocks; this stock fraud frequently results in losses much higher than the client can bear.
  • Overconcentration: failure to diversify a client’s portfolio can be a form of stock fraud. In order to protect a client’s assets, the broker should vary the types of stock purchased, stock fraud through overconcentration strips the client of the protection diversification can afford.
  • Churning: In order to create additional broker’s fees, a form of stock fraud called “churning” is used. Churning requires a large numbers of transactions; often this form of stock fraud consists of selling stocks with small gains in order to show a profit.

More elaborate forms of stock fraud may occur at the executive level, and in some cases, investigators have found that stock fraud is essentially company policy, with many employees taking part in committing or concealing illegal practices. Stock fraud on the larger levels can destroy entire companies by manipulating their stock values, but some stock fraud schemes are actually designed to keep failing businesses funded, using the same tactics. Many stock fraud investigations in recent years have found an enormous amount of insider trading: brokerages committing stock fraud by selling IPO stocks before the release date to favored clients and friends; corporations construct stock fraud schemes designed attract and retain customers and investors.

All forms of stock fraud are designed to violate the investor/broker trust. The key principle of stock fraud is that the investor’s interests are secondary to the financial gain the broker can make. Stock fraud can destroy individuals and business simply by manipulating the stock market. If you suspect that stock fraud caused you to lose investments, you may wish to contact an attorney familiar with stock fraud law. A good attorney can help you determine if you have a potential stock Fraud Claim that would enable you to recover financial losses.

Market Statistics : Indian Market Assorted

Here is some of the interesting market statistics sourced from some leading business dailies and magazines .

Market size of Indian Egg Market : Rs 10,000 crores source : Economic Times ( ET) July 26 2008

Total Mobile users in India : 270 million Source :ET 24 June 2008

Mobile Ad market size : Rs 40 crore Source : ET 24 June 2008

Courier Market Size : Rs 5000 crore. Source : ET 26 June 2008

Indian mobile handset market size : Rs 15,000 crore Source ; ET 26 July 2008

Indian Taxi business market size : Rs 9000 crore Source : ET 23 June 2008

Number of Taxis in Indian roads : Approximately 2,35,000 Source :ET 23 June 2008

Number of electric scooters in Indian roads : 1.10 lakh Source : ET 23 June 2008

Kid’s Apparel Market in India : Rs 27,000 crore.

Organized Kids apparel market : Rs 500 crore source : Business Line

Indian stationary market size : Rs 9000 crore Source : Business Line July 31 2008

Notebook ( paper) market size : Rs 3000 crore Source : Business Line July 31 2008

Home Interior market size : $ 9 billion

Magazine Advertising market size : $ 302 million Source : Business Line July 31 2008

Indian Wine Market : 1 mn cases Source :Economic Times

Pencil Market size in India : Rs 400 crore Source : Business Line 31 July 2008

Printer and Copier Market size : Rs 1800 crore Source : Business Line 31 July 2008

Wedding Management Industry Market size : Rs 400 crore Source : ET July 31 2008

Uniform Industry market size : Rs 10,000 crore Source ET 31 July 2008


Indian Market Statistics : IRS 2008 Round 2

The latest Indian Readership Survey Round 2 results are out. The top newspapers of India interms of their Average Issue Readership ( AIR) are as follows
  1. Dainik Jagran : 1.62 crores
  2. Danik Bhaskar : 1.30 crores
  3. Hindustan : 92.73 Lakhs
  4. Malayala Manorama : 84.17 Lakhs
  5. Amar Ujala : 80.73 Lakhs
  6. Daily Thanthi : 76.81 Lakhs
  7. Enadu : 68.31 Lakhs
  8. Times of India : 67.12 Lakhs
  9. Ananda Bazar pathrika : 66.76 Lakhs
  10. Rajasthan Pathrika : 66.71 Lakhs

There exists now a confusion between AIR and TR ie Average Issue Readership and Total Readership.

Media planners use AIR to decide on their media plan. AIR refers to the estimated readers for a single issue. Average Issue readership is derived from the recency. Recency denotes the number of people who have read the publication within the publication interval. For example for Dailies , the AIR is those who have read the paper yesterday.

Total Readership is the cumulative of AIR and Claimed Readership ( CR) . While AIR is the readership for one insertion, CR is used in a broader perspective to include addons and supplements.

The readership surveys use the Masthead method. In this method , the respondent is shown the Masthead of the publication and is asked whether he has read the publication.

The major difference between CR and AIR is that AIR denotes those who have read the publication with in the publication time interval. While CR represents those readers who claim to have read the publication but may or may not have read it in the interval .

So if a respondent say that he has not read a paper yesterday then he will not be considered as an Average Issue Reader. How ever if he claims to have been reading this paper but not yesterday , he will be considered in Claimed readership figure.

From IRS 2008 Round 2 , MRUC has moved to Total Readership as the standard rather than AIR. Some media planners are of the opinion that AIR provides better information about the reach of a publication rather than TR.

Usually Claimed Readership figures are more because of replication.

The latest IRS results also has thrown in some interesting trends in the media habits of Indian consumers.

Regularity of reading print media including both dailies and magazines have come down .The average frequency of reading also has come down for all print media. The average viewing / listening time for media like TV , Radio and Internet has increased.

The average time spent on media like TV , Radio increased while the time spent on print has declined. Average time spent in television is 99.4 minutes and 81.1 minutes on radio. How ever time spent on Internet has declined.

Another interesting fact is that the fragmentation in Television media has caused a decline in the time spent with one channel. That means that viewers are not brand conscious with regard to television channels but are program conscious. On the other hand time spent per title for print has gone up.
It was also revealed that print media is losing out in claiming the attention of young Indians. The readership for print among the age group 20-29 has declined by over 16 %.
Some interesting links for further reading
Exchange 4 Media


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